Who can be held liable for a rear-end collision?

Generally speaking, a rear-end collision involves two or more vehicles. However, there are some scenarios where other parties can also contribute to the crash. For example, if the at-fault driver was intoxicated, then the establishment that served him may share some liability. Municipalities can be held liable if they failed to maintain the roadway and that non-fulfillment of duty contributed to the crash. Auto manufacturers can also be held liable if the crash was caused by a vehicle defect.